Swelling in the foot, ankle, or leg usually occurs due to a buildup of fluids in that part of the body and is known as peripheral edema. In most cases, the condition is painless unless it happens due to an injury. Swelling in the legs is common in older adults and can develop on either one or both sides of the body.
Due to gravity, the lower part is likely to be affected. According to Harvard Health, one of the more common causes of leg swelling is venous insufficiency which becomes prevalent with age.
In this article, we’ll list a few reasons for leg swelling and when the problem becomes serious enough to warrant a visit to the doctor.
Causes for Leg Swelling
There are several potential causes for leg swelling; however, most of them have to do with negative lifestyle factors such as being overweight and sitting or standing for long periods. When the body begins to put on excess fat, blood circulation decreases leading to an accumulation of fluid inside the legs.
If a person sits or stands for long, the muscles become inactive and are unable to pump fluids back towards the heart with the same intensity. This causes retention of blood and water which is another cause of the condition.
According to the U.S. Library of Medicine, certain medications are also known to cause the legs to swell. Some examples include:
- Blood pressure medicines
- Antidepressants such as tricyclics and MAO inhibitors
- Estrogen present in hormone replacement therapy and birth control pills.
When Should You Visit the Doctor
While swelling in the lower body region isn’t necessarily dangerous, it can be a symptom of more serious conditions. You should schedule an appointment with the doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
- Tightness, pressure, or pain in the chest area
- Dizziness and confusion
- Shortness of breath or feeling lightheaded
- A general sense of confusion
- Existing kidney, heart or liver diseases
- High body temperature
- The swelling is getting worse
- Swollen areas are red and warm to the touch
- Home remedies have no effect
- Severe or painful swelling during pregnancy
Always visit a qualified doctor or clinic for optimal results. Varicose Veins Doctors offer leg swelling treatment in New York City. They house some of the most experienced leg swelling doctors as well as specialized equipment to solve all your swelling problems.
Get in touch with them at 212-906-9111 or by visiting their website.