According to Britannica, a wound is a break in the bodily tissue. Open wounds are any external or internal injury in which the skin or the mucous membrane has been broken, letting external material into the tissue.
These include; laceration, abrasion, puncture, incision, and a vulsion.
In closed wounds, the damage and bleeding occur under the skin surface. Tissues are not exposed to external materials, and therefore, are without the danger of contamination.
Wounds that fail to heal in time become chronic wounds. In the United States, 6.5 million people were affected by chronic wounds in 2009. The best way to prevent this is with routine dressing changes.
This article will list and deal with the different kinds of wound care.
Cloth or Gauze
This is the most common wound dressing. It’s adaptable and can protect the wounds. It’s used to cover minor open wounds, such as abrasion, scraped knee, grazing, etc.
Most medical practitioners often use it as the first layer of protection. This dressing is ideal for those with sensitive skin.
They are non-breathable dressings and are self-adhesive. The surface of hydrocolloid dressings consists of polysaccharides and other polymers that absorbs water to make a gel. They are ideal for burn wounds and light to moderate wounds that need to be drained.
Hydrocolloid dressings are also good for necrotic wounds and venous ulcers.
They are used to dress various wounds. Hydrogel dressing is ideal for relatively dry wounds, as it adds moisture to the wound to break down the dry, dead tissues.
This helps in lessening the pain of the dead tissues and adds to the patient’s comfort. These wounds include second-degree burns, pressure ulcers, necrotic wounds, and other painful wounds.
They are commonly used for chronic wounds with a delayed healing time, such as bedsores, bullet wounds, transparent site wounds, ulcers, post-surgery wounds, burns, or injuries that cover a large area of the body.
Collagen dressing acts as a second skin to allow new cell growth, remove dead tissues, and tighten the edges of the wound.
This dressing is completely absorbent and is used on wounds that need to drain regularly due to buildup. These include; burns, ulcers, packing wounds etc.
They absorb approximately 20x more than their weight. This dressing creates a gel-like substance to help with wound healing.
Regular dressing changes can help prevent chronic wounds and infections. However, it’s hard for the patient to do it on their own.
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