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4 Types Of Hormones And Their Effects

4 Types Of Hormones And Their Effects

We all know about hormones, but little do we know about their effect on our bodies. There are many ways your health is impacted by hormones, some of which may surprise you. At Tavicare, one of the services  Dr. Tavakoli and his team of experts provide is hormone therapy and hormone replacement therapy.


Our body’s endocrine system is a network of glands that produce hormones. It performs various functions in our body, such as reproduction, body temperature, and metabolism. While the types of hormones are many, each holds its importance, and we’ll only discuss the ones often problematic for patients.

A girl in stress

1. T3 and T4

Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are the major types of thyroid hormones. Your metabolism is regulated by it, which means it may manage hunger, digestion, and the body’s overall energy level.

These can also help maintain heart and digestive functions, brain function and development, and muscle control. Moreover, if you’re worried about your bone health, T3 may be the hormone you should work on.

2. Melatonin

Melatonin is among those hormones that could have controlled your circadian rhythm and wake/sleep cycle. Its production stops in sunlight, and your body starts producing it once it gets dark and you get sleepier. This is why it is advised not to use a cell phone, computer, and TV at night as it may affect the melatonin’s production level. To ensure enough amount is produced in your body, avoid using these devices 1-2 hours before bedtime.

3. Progesterone and Testosterone

They are also called male and female hormones, as testicles produce testosterone while ovaries produce progesterone. These hormones manage the reproduction system of your body.

Low progesterone is the culprit behind sudden mood changes, headaches, menstrual cycles irregularity, and most importantly, loss of sleep among women. In comparison, low levels of testosterone in men lead to symptoms such as losing muscle mass, feeling fatigued, losing hair, and decreasing sex drive.

two girls with birthday cake and sparkler

4. Cortisol

This hormone is associated with stress and anxiety. In your endocrine system, certain processes take place when you are stressed. Your body produces adrenaline and cortisol in response to a long-term or short-term stress situation.

If you cannot get out of the stressful environment, and it becomes chronic, your body will keep producing cortisol continuously. This, among other stress-related hormones, is often connected with depression, anxiety, cardiovascular disease, and obesity.

Patients worried about stress, depression, and anxiety are often tested for their cortisol levels so they can be provided with appropriate treatments.

If your body is producing insufficient or excessive of any of these hormones, consider booking an appointment with Tavicare. They are a renowned hormone replacement therapy center in Washington, DC. Their Bio-identical Hormone Therapy is known to have treated patients with different hormonal imbalances effectively. Scheduling with them is flexible and convenient.

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